Kronologi Tamadun Mesir (1)

Mesir adalah sebuah negara yang amat kaya dengan tamadun sejarah. Antara peninggalan sejarah Mesir yang terus menjadi sebutan hingga ke hari ini adalah kerajaan Fir’aun dan piramid. Banyak buku mengenai sejarah pemerintahan kerajaan silam Mesir yang boleh dibaca. Buku-buku tersebut turut menyenaraikan kronologi sejarah Mesir mulai kurun 3100 sebelum masehi. Berikut adalah catatan kronologi tersebut dipetik dari buku tulisan Lorna Oakes (Annes Publishing, 2006) dan Richard H Wilkinson (Thames & Hudson, 2003);

Predynastic Period (before c.3100)

- Early settlements of various cultures; Development of farming; Pottery and copper smelting; Northward spread of Naqada II culture; Evidence of kings at Abydos; Earliest writing.

Early Dynastic Period (c.3100 – c.2686)

First Dynasty (c.3100 – c.2890) – Capital at Memphis; Royal graves at Abydos; Narmer Palette; Bracelets from tomb of King Djer; Labels of King Den

(Buku Wilkinson) – 1st Dynasty (2920-2770): Narmer; Aha; Djer; Den; Semerkhet

Second Dynasty (c.2890 – c.2686) – Peribsen; Khasekhemwy.

(Buku Wilkinson) – 2nd Dynasty (2770-2649): Raneb; Peribsen; Khasekhmwy

Old Kingdom (c.2686 – c.2181)

Third Dynasty (c.2686 – c.2613) – Step pyramid of Djoser (Netjerikhet)

(Buku Wilkinson) – 3rd Dynasty (2649-2757); Djoser – dinyata sebagai masih dalam Early Dynastic Period

Fourth Dynasty (c.2613 – c.2494) – Sneferu’s pyramids at Meidum and Dahshur; Great pyramids of Jhufu (Cheops); Pyramid of Khafre (Chepren); Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus)

(Buku Wilkinson) – 4th Dynasty (2575-2465): Sneferu; Khufu (Cheops); Khafre (Chephren); Menkaure (Mycerinus)

Fifth Dynasty (c.2494 – c.2345) – Abusir pyramids of Sahure, Neferirkare and Niuserre; Sun temples at Abu Gurab; Saqqara Pyramid of Unas (Wenis) – first pyramid texts; Tomb of Ti

(Buku Wilkinson) – 5th Dynasty (2465-2323): Userkaf; Sahure; Shepseskare; Djedkare-Isesi

Sixth Dynasty (c.2345 – c.2181) – Pyramid of Teti at Saqqara; Pyramid of Pepi I (Meryre) at South Saqqara; Pepi II (Neferkare); Long reign of Pepi II; Autobiography of Harkhuf from tomb at Aswan; Tomb of Sabni and Mekhu

(Buku Wilkinson) – Tiada nama pembesar yang dicatat untuk dinasti 6, 7, dan 8.

Baca catatan mengenai Predynastic Period dari sumber British Museum

 

Kantin Halal di Masjid Ammar (Pintu masuk)

Foto di atas tiada kena mengena dengan Mesir (hanya sebagai maklumat umum)

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